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Quiz on Determining Pipe Support Locations: A Comprehensive Guide II 7 MCQs with Explanations

Determining Pipe Support Locations Quiz

1. Straight Sections while Determining Pipe Support Locations

While Determining Pipe Support Locations, why is it recommended to attach supports to straight sections of pipe rather than elbows, fittings, valves, flanges, or instruments?

2. Expansion Loops while Determining Pipe Support Locations

Why is it recommended to consider the need for expansion loops near load-sensitive equipment, like pump suction lines?

3. Friction Reduction in Determining Pipe Support Locations

When should friction-reducing slides between piping and support steel be evaluated?

4. Maintenance Accessibility

How should piping be supported to allow spools to be removed for equipment maintenance without adding temporary supports?

5. Spacing for Horizontal Runs

What is the recommended spacing for supports on horizontal runs, according to the rules of thumb?

6. Support near Changes in Direction

Why is it recommended to provide supports close to elbows and changes in direction?

7. Utilizing Existing Structures

Why is it recommended to utilize existing beams, columns, and structural elements for support?

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Short Article on Determining Pipe Support Locations

Key Considerations and Rules of Thumb

Choosing the right locations for pipe supports is crucial for the safe and efficient operation of piping systems. Many factors come into play, and neglecting any one can lead to problems down the line. Here are some key considerations and rules of thumb to keep in mind:

General Principles:

  • Straight sections: Whenever possible, attach supports to straight sections of pipe, not elbows, fittings, valves, flanges, or instruments. This reduces stress concentrations and promotes even load distribution.
  • Instrument proximity: Provide supports near instruments and other devices that might require frequent removal for maintenance. This facilitates access and avoids the need for temporary supports during maintenance activities.
  • Expansion loops: Consider the need for adding expansion loops near load-sensitive equipment, like pump suction lines. This helps accommodate thermal expansion and contraction without affecting sensitive equipment.
  • Friction reduction: Evaluate the need for friction-reducing slides between the piping and support steel. This can be especially important for high-temperature piping or lines with significant movement.
  • Maintenance accessibility: Support the piping in a way that allows spools to be removed for equipment maintenance without adding temporary supports. This saves time and effort during maintenance procedures.
  • Minimize spring hangers: Use spring hangers sparingly. While they offer flexibility, they can introduce unnecessary complexity and require regular monitoring and adjustments.

Additional Rules of Thumb:

  • Spacing: For horizontal runs, space supports no more than 10 pipe diameters apart. For vertical runs, space them no more than 20 diameters apart.
  • Changes in direction: Provide supports close to elbows and changes in direction to counteract bending stresses.
  • Heavy components: Locate supports near heavy valves and fittings to minimize their contribution to overall load.
  • Available structures: Utilize existing beams, columns, and structural elements for support whenever possible. This saves material and simplifies installation.
  • Future needs: Consider potential future additions or modifications to the piping system when choosing support locations. Leave room for adding loops or changing support types if needed.

Remember, these are just general guidelines. Always consult relevant standards and codes like ASME B31.3, B31.1, and B31.8 for specific requirements and perform thorough flexibility analysis to ensure the chosen support locations meet the system’s operational and maintenance needs.

By following these principles and rules of thumb, you can make informed decisions about pipe support locations, contributing to the long-term reliability and maintainability of your piping system.

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